Is The Paris Climate Agreement Working

It is rare that there is a con­sen­sus among almost all nations on a sin­gle sub­ject. But with the Paris agree­ment, world lead­ers agreed that cli­mate change was dri­ven by human behav­iour, that it was a threat to the envi­ron­ment and to human­ity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addi­tion, a clear frame­work has been put in place for all coun­tries to make com­mit­ments to reduce emis­sions and strengthen these mea­sures over time. Here are some main rea­sons why the agree­ment is so impor­tant: in fact, research shows that the cost of cli­mate activ­ity far out­weighs the cost of reduc­ing car­bon pol­lu­tion. A recent study sug­gests that if the United States does not meet its cli­mate tar­gets in Paris, it could cost the econ­omy up to $6 tril­lion in the com­ing decades. A lack of com­pli­ance with the NPNs cur­rently fore­seen in the agree­ment could reduce global GDP by more than 25% by the end of the cen­tury. Mean­while, another study esti­mates that achiev­ing — or even exceed­ing — the Paris tar­gets by invest­ing in infra­struc­ture in clean energy and energy effi­ciency could have great ben­e­fits glob­ally — about $19 tril­lion. The ini­tial com­mit­ment period of the Kyoto Pro­to­col was extended until 2012. This year, at COP18 in Doha, Qatar, del­e­gates agreed to extend the agree­ment until 2020 (with­out some indus­tri­al­ized coun­tries with­draw­ing). They also reaf­firmed their com­mit­ment made at COP17 in Dur­ban, South Africa, in 2011, to cre­ate a new global cli­mate treaty by 2015 that would require all major emit­ters not included in the Kyoto Pro­to­col, such as China, India and the United States, to reduce their green­house gas emis­sions. The new treaty — which was to become the Paris Agree­ment — was to com­pletely replace the Kyoto Pro­to­col by 2020.

How­ever, the Paris agree­ment came into force ear­lier than expected in Novem­ber 2016. The task becomes more dif­fi­cult. Although high-emigration coun­tries are increas­ingly inter­ested in con­tain­ing warm­ing, experts warn that cur­rent cli­mate and energy poli­cies are not enough to keep the world below 2 degrees Cel­sius of warm­ing. This year, green­house gas emis­sions have fallen sig­nif­i­cantly — due to lower travel activ­ity and eco­nomic activ­ity dur­ing the coro­n­avirus pan­demic — but this will do lit­tle to bring the world closer to its cli­mate goal, experts warn. On Mon­day, Novem­ber 4, the Trump admin­is­tra­tion filed a for­mal request to for­mally with­draw the United States from the 2015 Paris Agree­ment in Novem­ber. Every nation in the world has declared itself ready to “make ambi­tious efforts to com­bat cli­mate change,” in the words of the Covenant. The Paris Agree­ment reflects the col­lec­tive belief of almost every nation on the planet that cli­mate change is humanity‘s war to fight it, and reveals America‘s climate-sceptics — includ­ing Trump — as global out­liers. Indeed, the mobi­liza­tion of sup­port for cli­mate action across the coun­try and around the world gives hope that the Paris Agree­ment has marked a turn­ing point in the fight against cli­mate change. We can all con­tribute to the cause by look­ing for ways to reduce con­tri­bu­tions to global warm­ing, at the indi­vid­ual, local and national lev­els. The effort will be worth the reward of a safer and cleaner world for future generations.

In addi­tion, coun­tries are work­ing to reach “the global peak in green­house gas emis­sions” as soon as pos­si­ble. The agree­ment has been described as an incen­tive and engine for the sale of fos­sil fuels. [13] [14] After decades of nego­ti­a­tions, the world‘s 197 nations have agreed to vol­un­tar­ily reduce the pol­lu­tion from the warm­ing of heat caused by the cli­mate cri­sis. Only a hand­ful have not rat­i­fied the agree­ment. The pub­lic is increas­ingly involved; Mil­lions of peo­ple took part in the global cli­mate strikes in Sep­tem­ber. Many coun­tries, states and provinces, cities and busi­nesses are respond­ing to these demands for stronger cli­mate pro­tec­tion, he says.