Inf Agreement

The mul­ti­lat­er­al­iza­tion of the FN Treaty, which was pre­vi­ously bilat­eral, required the estab­lish­ment of agree­ments between the United States and the gov­ern­ments of the suc­ces­sor Soviet states con­cerned on many issues. Within the CSA and through diplo­matic con­tacts with actively par­tic­i­pat­ing states of ori­gin, the United States has worked to con­clude agree­ments to ensure the con­tin­ued via­bil­ity of the con­trac­tual regime and to ensure the exer­cise of United States‘ rights under the Treaty. Among the tasks to be car­ried out were the pro­vi­sions on the man­age­ment of costs related to imple­ment­ing mea­sures in the new mul­ti­lat­eral con­text of the Treaty; the estab­lish­ment of new points of entry (POEs) in Belarus, Kaza­khstan and Ukraine, through which inspec­tions can be car­ried out on the for­mer INF facil­i­ties in these coun­tries; and to estab­lish com­mu­ni­ca­tion links between the United States and those coun­tries for the trans­mis­sion of var­i­ous contract-related noti­fi­ca­tions. Other top­ics dis­cussed in the CFS include mul­ti­lat­eral oper­at­ing pro­ce­dures for simul­ta­ne­ous con­tin­u­ous mon­i­tor­ing of the SVC, in accor­dance with the START I and INF treaties, as well as inspec­tion pro­ce­dures for new mis­siles that leave the Votkinsk machine fac­tory in Rus­sia. On Fri­day, the United States will with­draw from a Cold War-era agree­ment, the Inter­me­di­ate Range Nuclear Forces (SNSF) treaty, which banned Wash­ing­ton and Moscow from using cer­tain types of mis­siles. The end of the treaty could trig­ger a new nuclear arms race. Nego­ti­a­tions on the INF Treaty showed progress when Mikhail Gor­bachev became Soviet Gen­eral Sec­re­tary in March 1985. In the autumn of the same year, the Soviet Union pre­sented a plan to strike a bal­ance between the num­ber of SS-20 war­heads and the grow­ing num­ber of medium-range Allied war­heads in Europe. The United States expressed inter­est in the Soviet pro­posal and the scope of the nego­ti­a­tions was extended to all the United States in 1986. and Soviet medium-range mis­siles world­wide. With the momen­tum of these talks, Pres­i­dent Ronald Rea­gan and Gor­bachev began to move toward a com­pre­hen­sive agree­ment to elim­i­nate medium-range mis­siles. Their efforts cul­mi­nated in the sign­ing of the FN Treaty on 8 Decem­ber 1987, and the Treaty entered into force on 1 June 1988. .