Executive Agreement Sentence Examples

The U.S. Con­sti­tu­tion does not explic­itly give a pres­i­dent the power to enter into exec­u­tive agree­ments. How­ever, it may be autho­rized to do so by Con­gress or may do so on the basis of its for­eign rela­tions man­age­ment author­ity. Despite ques­tions about the con­sti­tu­tion­al­ity of exec­u­tive agree­ments, the Supreme Court ruled in 1937 that they had the same force as treaties. As exec­u­tive agree­ments are made on the author­ity of the president-in-office, they do not nec­es­sar­ily bind his suc­ces­sors. Britannica.com: Ency­clo­pe­dia Arti­cles on Exec­u­tive Agree­ment The use of exec­u­tive agree­ments increased con­sid­er­ably after 1939. Prior to 1940, the U.S. Sen­ate had rat­i­fied 800 treaties and pres­i­dents had con­cluded 1,200 exec­u­tive agree­ments; From 1940 to 1989, dur­ing World War II and the Cold War, pres­i­dents signed nearly 800 treaties, but con­cluded more than 13,000 exec­u­tive treaties. The pro­posed Iran nuclear deal is clas­si­cally an exec­u­tive agree­ment and should not be a treaty with the coun­cil and Sen­ate approval, but Con­gress should be able to con­sult with each other, as sanc­tions imposed by Con­gress should be lifted. These exam­ples are auto­mat­i­cally selected from dif­fer­ent online sources of infor­ma­tion to reflect the cur­rent use of the term “exec­u­tive agree­ment.” The opin­ions expressed in the exam­ples do not reflect the views of Merriam-Webster or its pub­lish­ers. Send us comments.

He explic­itly inserts him­self directly into the leader of another coun­try and says, “Don‘t nego­ti­ate with these guys because we‘re going to change that,” that‘s not true, because they can‘t change an exec­u­tive agree­ment. Most exec­u­tive agree­ments were con­cluded in accor­dance with a treaty or an act of Con­gress. How­ever, pres­i­dents have some­times reached exec­u­tive agree­ments to achieve goals that would not find the sup­port of two-thirds of the Sen­ate. For exam­ple, after the out­break of World War II, but before the Amer­i­cans entered the con­flict, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt nego­ti­ated an exec­u­tive agree­ment that gave the United King­dom 50 obso­lete destroy­ers in exchange for 99-year leases on some British naval bases in the Atlantic. This arti­cle deals with exec­u­tive agree­ments between nations in gen­eral. For more infor­ma­tion on U.S. for­eign pol­icy exec­u­tive agree­ments, see U.S. for­eign pol­icy. An exec­u­tive agree­ment is an agree­ment between the heads of gov­ern­ment of two or more nations that has not been rat­i­fied by the leg­is­la­ture, since the treaties are rat­i­fied. Exec­u­tive agree­ments are con­sid­ered polit­i­cally bind­ing to dis­tin­guish them from legally bind­ing contracts.

In the United States, exec­u­tive agree­ments are made exclu­sively by the Pres­i­dent of the United States. They are one of three mech­a­nisms through which the United States makes bind­ing inter­na­tional com­mit­ments. Some authors view exec­u­tive agree­ments as treaties of inter­na­tional law because they bind both the United States and another sov­er­eign state. How­ever, under U.S. con­sti­tu­tional law, exec­u­tive agree­ments are not con­sid­ered treaties within the mean­ing of the con­trac­tual clause of the U.S. Con­sti­tu­tion, which requires the Coun­cil and the approval of two-thirds of the Sen­ate to be con­sid­ered a treaty.